Cashing in on COVID

Stimulus Checks Are Coming In. Will They Be Enough?

With the economy stuttering, legislation has passed to stimulate recovery and aid small businesses. Will it be enough?

Just as artist Aaron Bowersock was laid off from his UX designer job and preparing to work as a stay-at-home art dad, the coronavirus outbreak took over Seattle.

The city’s Comic Con was canceled, which garners a huge portion of Bowersock’s business, PopMuertos’, income. Bowersock isn’t alone in this surge of financial losses. As COVID-19 spreads across the United States, shutting down whole cities in its path, individuals and independent businesses are struggling to survive.

With the economy coming to a grinding halt, governments across the globe are rushing to pass vital legislation to prevent businesses from shuttering their doors permanently. After a whirlwind of back and forth on the hill—including bill failure, long fights about how many millions in bailout money to give to airlines, and whether those people too poor to pay income tax would be included in the stimulus package at all—congress was finally able to agree on some relief.

How the Government is Responding So Far

Phase 1

Phase 2

  • Congress passed the Families First Coronavirus Response Act, which deals with emergency paid family and sick leave for workers affected by the coronavirus outbreak — whether that’s because they or family members are sick or because their children’s schools have closed.
  • Emergency leave and unemployment insurance will also extend to self-employed individuals.

Phase 3

  • This is the largest government-funded economic stabilization package in modern American history.
  • It designates 25 percent of its budget, totaling $500 billion dollars, to subsidized loans for big corporations, like airlines and hotels.
  • $50 billion goes to a tax credit for employers who retain their employees during this time.
  • $130 billion goes to hospitals, and $150 billion dollars in loans will go to state and local governments
  • Over $350 billion dollars in emergency loans go to help small businesses to pay their workers.
  • Unemployment is given an additional 13 weeks and benefits will increase by $600. Freelancers and gig workers can now also receive payments.
  • Small businesses will be required to provide two weeks sick leave at full salary up to $511 a day and up to 12 weeks paid family sick leave at ⅔ salary and the government will repay them. This applies to both full and part-time employees.
  • Small businesses with fewer than 50 employees can exempt themselves from offering paid leave if they feel it would impact their viability as a business.
  • The tax deadline has been moved from April 15 to July 15, without any penalties for filing later.

What’s Missing From the Federal Relief Plans

As relief bills are pushed through, advocates believe that the legislation doesn’t extend far enough.

“What small businesses need right now isn’t necessarily loans that contribute to whatever controlled debt that they are experiencing. They need cash and grants to be able to pay their workers, pay their commercial rent, to basically keep their doors open because right now they’re really struggling,” says Awesta Sarkash, Small Business Majority’s government affairs manager. “We had one small business owner who had to lay off 100 employees, and if he had access to this immediate stimulus release that wouldn’t be the case.”

And it’s not only small businesses that need more from the government right now. According to Saru Jayaraman, president of the advocacy organization One Fair Wage—which is currently providing cash assistance to restaurant workers, car service drivers, delivery workers, personal service workers and more who need the money they aren’t getting to survive—actions related to unemployment insurance and paid sick leave are not sufficient either.

"What small businesses need right now isn’t necessarily loans that contribute to whatever controlled debt that they are experiencing. They need cash and grants to be able to pay their workers, pay their commercial rent, to basically keep their doors open."

“The real issue of this moment is that you’ve got millions of workers who’ve been laid off,” Jayaraman tells Supermaker in a phone conversation. “In a functional system, these workers would’ve been paid livable wages and then unemployment insurance would’ve been measured on those livable wages. Instead, [some of] these [service] workers [are making] a federal minimum wage of $2.13 plus tips.” She argues that unemployment insurance needs to be modified to assume every worker is paid $15 per hour.

Small businesses and service workers aren’t the only ones hardest hit. Advocacy group MusicPortland conducted a survey within the first few days of the coronavirus crisis hitting Oregon and found that musicians had already lost $4 million in income—with 30% of those artists having lost monies that usually make up 75% or more of their income.

“If we come out the end of this alive but only have corporate, packaged music coming to us—and all of our independent infrastructure is gone—that will be a very sad thing,” says Meara McLaughlin, executive director of MusicPortland, lamenting what might happen if government doesn’t support independent artists.

Other Resources Besides Government Relief

As the government scrambles to provide working Americans support, emergency relief funds, many of them private, have reached nearly every professional sector in the U.S. Charity MusiCares is running a relief fund for musicians. One Fair Wage is providing cash assistance for service workers. Community organization Springboard for the Arts, which established a fund to support artists in Minnesota, has even produced a guide on how to start your own emergency relief fund to help struggling artists in your area.

Immigrants Rising, which provides educational and vocational services for undocumented youth, compiled a list of resources—including professional support—for undocumented folks to better understand their options during the pandemic. For nationwide and state-specific resources for undocumented immigrants, check out this link.

“In a functional system, these workers would’ve been paid livable wages and then unemployment insurance would’ve been measured on those livable wages."

It’s no surprise that undocumented immigrants have limited access to government assistance, but even documented immigrants are scared to access government relief.

“I’ve heard from a lot of documented immigrants who say they are unlikely to take either unemployment or the cash benefit because it will hurt their applications for permanent residency or citizenship,” says Jayaraman. This is because a recent change to the Department of Homeland Security’s public charge rule allows the government to deny eligible visa applicants based upon past government assistance. “[The service] industry is pretty much screwed,” Jayaraman continues. “That’s why we started our emergency fund—because most of what’s out there is not enough."

“Certainly our emergency fund is not enough,” Jayaraman adds. “But we are doing our best to not just provide the money but invite workers into a community where they can support each other and get access to other resources as well.” As lawmakers fail to provide crucial support for service workers and local businesses, citizens like Jayaraman are feeling the pressure to step up and save their communities.

And, despite the air of uncertainty workers are embroiled in now, it’s the power of community that is keeping them strong. Seattle’s Comic Con was canceled, but gamers held a virtual convention instead, which helped Bowersock, the art dad from the top of our story, earn more profits than he receives from smaller shows.

Yet as the professional world shifts to digital, Bowersock has one more suggestion for the powers that be: he believes the government should then support that move with free internet. “If the entire economy, or what’s left of the working economy, is dependent on the internet,” he says, “then there should be municipal broadband.” As the government battles back and forth on relief, the people can only hope their concerns are heard.

Jessica Buxbaum is a freelance journalist currently based in Los Angeles with published work in The Independent, Prospect Magazine, and several other publications.

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